Japan is an island country in East Asia. It is located in the Northwest Pacific Ocean, with the Sea of Okhotsk in the north, the East China Sea, the Philippine Sea and Taiwan in the south, and the Sea of Japan in the west. Part of the Ring of Fire, Japan spans an archipelago of 6,852 islands.The five main islands are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu and Okinawa. The country’s capital and largest city is Tokyo.
Japan is the 11th most populous country in the world and one of the most densely populated and urbanized. About three-quarters of the country is mountainous and 125.5 million people are concentrated in the narrow coastal plain.
Japan is a highly developed country and holds great power in world politics. Its economy is the world’s third largest by nominal GDP and fourth largest by purchasing power parity. Japan is a world leader in the automotive, robotics and electronics industries and has made significant contributions to science and technology. Japanese culture is known around the world for its art, cuisine, music, and pop culture, including the famous comics, animation, and video game industries. She is a member of numerous international organizations including the United Nations (since 1956), OECD, G20 and G7.
Japan Aviation and Airports
Japan is Asia’s largest, most globalized and most experienced aerospace market. It is also a leading manufacturer of parts, components and systems for international commercial aviation, supplying several types of Boeing and Airbus aircraft.
Because the islands of Japan are elongated over thousands of miles, air travel is the primary mode of transportation for international and long-distance domestic travel. The domestic aviation industry thrived during a period of rapid economic growth. However, as it waned, it seemed necessary to strengthen the market mechanism. Airlines were deregulated and airports were privatized.
Japan has 5 international airports and 24 regional airports that operate domestic flights across its four main islands and smaller islands.
iJET is a leading international flight planning and trip management company, specializing in providing regulatory approvals and ground support services to aircraft operators around the world.
What Are the 5 International Airports in Japan?
Narita International Airport NRT/ RJAA
Narita International Airport is the largest international airport in Japan. It is located 60 kilometers (about 37 miles) east of Tokyo between the city of Narita and the town of Shibayama, in Chiba Prefecture. It has 3 terminals
Haneda Airport HND/RJTT
Haneda Airport is Japan’s largest domestic airport, located 14 kilometers (8 miles) just south of Tokyo. Haneda is the second largest airport in all of Asia, serving more than 72 million passengers annually. It has 3 terminals.
Kansai International Airport KIX/RJBB
Kansai International Airport is western Japan’s major airport. It is located 40 kilometers (about 25 miles) southwest of Osaka. It’s also the nearest international airport from Kyoto. It has 2 terminals.
New Chitose Airport CTS/RJCC
New Chitose Airport (CTS) is the fifth busiest airport in Japan. It serves the world’s second busiest air route, the Sapporo-Tokyo Haneda route. This route is used by nearly 8 million passengers annually. It has 2 terminals.
Chubu Centrair International Airport NGO/RJGG
Chubu Centrair International Airport is an international airport on an artificial island in Ise Bay, Tokoname City in Aichi Prefecture, 35 km (22 mi) south of Nagoya in central Japan.
Centrair is classified as a first-class airport and is the main international gateway for the Chubu region of Japan. It has 2 terminals.
What Are the Airlines in Japan Airports?
Domestic and international
|All Nippon Airways, Japan Airlines, Jetstar Japan, Peach Aviation, Spring Airlines Japan, StarFlyer, ZIPAIR Tokyo|
|Air Do, Amakusa Airlines, All Nippon Airways Wings, Fuji Dream Airlines, Hokkaido Air System, Ibex Airlines, J-Air, Japan Air Commuter, Japan Transocean Air, New Central Airlines, Oriental Air Bridge, Ryukyu Air Commuter, Skymark Airlines, Solaseed Air|
|Cargo||ANA Cargo, Nippon Cargo Airlines|
Japan Overflight Permits and Landing Permits
Business jet operators or commercial airlines wishing to fly over Japan Aerospace must obtain prior approval for overflight permits.
Aircraft registered in ICAO member states do not require an OVF permit. Aircraft registered in non-ICAO member countries such as Taiwan require an overflight permit. In addition, an overflight permit is required for aircraft operating with a test certificate. The lead time for applying for an overflight permit is 3 working days for aircraft not registered with ICAO and 10 working days for aircraft operating on experimental certificates. No paperwork is required for overflight permits, but operators must provide a complete schedule along with route guidance, including the Flight Information Area (FIR) in Japanese airspace.
Landing permits LND are not required for private non-profit flight operations in Japan, except for domestic travel or flights to non-entry airports (AOEs). Usually, all a private operator has to do is secure slots and parking at the airport. The only exception for private operators is travel to domestic airports. In addition, permission is always required for charter flights (irregular commercial flights) to Japan.
With iJET extensive network of civil aviation authorities in almost every country in the world, iJET plays an effective role in obtaining short-term flight authorizations.
Charter Permit Needed Documents
- A signed charter agreement between the air operator and the customer (this must be signed by both parties).
- Airworthiness and registration certificates
- Noise certificate
- Worldwide insurance
- Air operator certificate (AOC)
- Pilot licenses and medicals for all pilots
- Power of attorney
- Complete passenger information
- A statement of purpose of flight
Ground Handling Services at Japan Airports
Comprehensive services and ground handling for operating business jets to Japan are available nationwide. However, when operating at smaller domestic airports, be aware of lead time considerations and service limitations.
Reasonable lead times for ground handling requests range from 6 hours to 72 hours, depending on the airport you are flying to. Ideally, it is best for the operator to allow him a 3-day lead time to process the request. Especially when flying to very busy and congested airports like Narita (RJAA) and Haneda (RJTT), ground handlers need time to arrange airport slots, parking and aircraft services.
Needed Info to Arrange Ground Handling Services
- Operator name
- aircraft registration and nationality
- flight number and call sign
- a full itinerary with the estimated arrival and departure time
- crew and passenger information including names, position, nationality, dates of birth, hotel contact information (if staying overnight)
- services required
- fuel release information
iJET provides high level of Ground Handling service due its well-trained staff on ground for a seamless trip.
Slots at the Japanese Airports
An airport slot is required for all flights to Japan. For charter flights, these slots must be obtained before applying for landing clearance.
General Aviation (GA) airport slots for Narita (RJAA), Haneda (RJTT), Chitose (RJCC) and Osaka (RJBB) can be requested up to the 15th of the month prior to the date of operation. This restriction exists in these four locations due to below reasons:
1) heavy traffic
2) limited availability of ground handlers
3) limited parking
4) limited Customs, Immigration and Quarantine (CIQ) resources. You can always request a slot at any other airport in Japan.
A minimum lead time of 24 hours is generally considered for slot requests. Slot variations vary by airport but are typically -/+ 15 minutes or -/+ 30 minutes.
No need to worry about securing slots as iJET team arrange Japan slot on time for your aircraft.
Japan Airports Operations
it’s important to be mindful of specific airport procedures in Japan, which vary from airport to airport, in order to maximize operating efficiency when traveling to it.
You need to consider the following:
- Airport hours: it’s important to confirm that the airports you intend to visit will be open for your desired schedule.
- Noise restrictions: Noise regulations and noise reduction rules in Japan vary from airport to airport. To fly to Japan, the aircraft must meet Tier 3 or above criteria. Tier 2 operations are not permitted.
- Extended aircraft parking: It is recommended to check with the ground handler in advance regarding parking availability and restrictions.
- Additional parking considerations: Hangar space for transient GA is very limited in Japan and should always be confirmed well in advance.
- Distance between airports and cities: Most Japanese airports are outside the city, with the exception of RJFF and RJTT. Therefore, it is important to consider the travel time to/from the airport. Road congestion in Japan tends to be more pronounced between airports and cities, with the exception of smaller airports and domestic airports.
- Peak hours of operation: It’s recommended that GA operators be aware of, and try to avoid, peak commercial traffic periods
- Staging aircraft for departure: Call sign, parking location, destination, intended flight altitude, and alternate flight route must be provided. The pilot should be prepared to start the engine as soon as ATC clearance is received.
- Ramp Control.
- Technical stops vs. overnight stops: Overnight stop in Japan often requires a tow service. Depending on the airport and the particular aircraft type, the operator may be required to carry a tow bar or tow head on board. We recommend verifying that the correct towbar is available in your area.
When landing in Japan for a technical refueling stop, crew/passengers may remain on board while the aircraft is being refueled and serviced. If passengers are entering the terminal for duty-free shopping or smoking, we recommend that you notify the ground handler in advance so that arrangements can be made.
· Pre-departure towing
Aviation Fuel in Japan
iJET has contracts with Japan’s regional and major aviation fuel suppliers to provide cost-effective, high-quality aviation fuel services at all major airports in Japan.
For more information on aviation fuel availability, payment methods, and aviation fuel services in Japan, please contact our fuel specialists who can provide instant solutions to all your aviation fuel questions.